What is it?
Osteoarthritis, also called degenerative joint disease, is the most common type of arthritis.
Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage that cushions the ends of bones in your joints gradually deteriorates. Cartilage is a firm, slippery tissue that enables nearly frictionless joint motion. Eventually, if the cartilage wears down completely, bone will rub on bone. Osteoarthritis has often been referred to as a “wear and tear” disease. This type of arthritis is mechanical.
Foot joints affected typically include the first metatarsophalangeal joint and midfoot joints. Sometimes the ankle can also be involved.
Knee osteoarthritis- degeneration of the knee’s articular cartilage—the flexible, slippery material that normally protects bones from joint friction and impact.
Symptoms are localized to the affected joint and include pain and stiffness with activity that is relieved by rest. Joint swelling and enlargement are also noted.
How can we help?
- Perform biomechanical gait assessment
- Provide bracing options – sleeve braces or offloading braces.
- Educate patients about appropriate footwear selection regarding fit, function and support.
- Modify footwear to appropriately control joint movement and accommodate deformities.
- Fabricate custom made orthotics to relieve pressure and restrict or facilitate motion as required.